FROM SCRATCH NEWSWIRE

SCAVENGING THE INTERNET

Archive for the ‘ROMANIA’ Category

ROMANIAN-ENGLISH FERTILIZER PRODUCERS SACKS 5 500 WORKERS

Posted by Gilmour Poincaree on December 11, 2008

10 December 2008, Wednesday

PUBLISHED BY ‘BULGARIAN BUSINESS – NOVINITE.COM’

The Romanian-English fertilizer company InterAgro is going to lay off about 5 500 workers, or about 90% of its employees, the Romanian newspaper Adevarul reported.

The company is going to close down all of its six chemical plants, which produce fertilizers. The only way to save the factories would be if the Romanian state supported the company, the InterAgro President Ioan Niculae is quoted as saying.

Such a step, however, would be a breach of EU competition rules, and is therefore unlikely.

Niculae also said the closure of the company factories would incur losses of USD 100 M. InterAgro exports its fertilizer production, and the declining demand on the international market due to the global financial crisis has affected the company.

Bulgaria’s fertilizer producer Agropolychim has also been troubled by the effects of the global financial crisis, and has had to shut down temporarily its production lines.

CLICK HERE FOR THE ORIGINAL ARTICLE

PUBLISHED BY ‘BULGARIAN BUSINESS – NOVINITE.COM’ (Spain)

Posted in AGRICULTURE, BULGARIA, CHEMICALS (processed components), COMMERCE, COMMODITIES MARKET, ECONOMIC CONJUNCTURE, ECONOMY, ENGLAND, FERTILIZERS, FINANCIAL CRISIS 2008/2009, FINANCIAL MARKETS, FOREIGN POLICIES, INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION, INDUSTRIES, INTERNATIONAL, INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, JUDICIARY SYSTEMS, NATIONAL WORK FORCES, RECESSION, ROMANIA, STOCK MARKETS, THE EUROPEAN UNION, THE FLOW OF INVESTMENTS, THE WORK MARKET, THE WORKERS, UNITED KINGDOM | Leave a Comment »

U.S. ARMS SALES UNDERMINE HUMAN RIGHTS, GROUP SAYS

Posted by Gilmour Poincaree on December 10, 2008

Dec. 10, 2008, 1:31PM

by Barry Schweid – Associated Press

PUBLISHED BY ‘THE HOUSTON CHRONICLE’ (USA)

WASHINGTON — The U.S. arms trade is booming — sales reached $32 billion last year — and more than half of the purchasers in the developing world are either undemocratic governments or regimes that engaged in human rights abuses, a private think tank reported today.

Timed to the 60th anniversary of the U.N.’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the report by the New America Foundation, a nonpartisan policy institute, named 13 of the top 25 arms purchasers in the developing world as either undemocratic or engaged in major human rights abuses.

The 13 listed in the report were Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Egypt, Colombia, Jordan, Bahrain, Oman, Morocco, Yemen and Tunisia.

Sales to these countries totaled more than $16.2 billion over 2006 and 2007.

The total “contrasts sharply with the Bush administration’s pro-democracy rhetoric,” the report said.

Also, the report said that 20 of the 27 nations engaged in major armed conflicts were receiving weapons and training from the United States.

“U.S. arms transfers are undermining human rights, weakening democracy and fueling conflict around the world,” the report said.

William D. Hartung, the lead author of the report, said, “The United States cannot demand respect for human rights and arm human rights abusers at the same time.”

U.S. arms sales grew to $32 billion in 2007, more than three times the level when President Bush took office in 2001, the report said.

The United States is the world’s largest arms supplier. U.S. exports range from combat aircraft to Pakistan, Morocco, Greece, Romania and Chile to small arms and light weapons to the Philippines, Egypt and Georgia.

In 2006 and 2007, the United States sold weapons to more than 174 states and territories.At the beginning of the Bush administration there were 123 arms clients, the report said.

CLICK HERE FOR THE ORIGINAL ARTICLE

PUBLISHED BY ‘THE HOUSTON CHRONICLE’ (USA)

Posted in BAHRAIN, BANKING SYSTEMS, BARACK HUSSEIN OBAMA -(DEC. 2008/JAN. 2009), CENTRAL BANKS, CHILE, COLOMBIA, COMMERCE, COMMODITIES MARKET, DEFENCE TREATIES, ECONOMIC CONJUNCTURE, ECONOMY, ECONOMY - USA, EGYPT, FINANCIAL CRISIS - USA - 2008/2009, FINANCIAL CRISIS 2008/2009, FINANCIAL MARKETS, FOREIGN POLICIES, FOREIGN POLICIES - USA, FORMOSA - TAIWAN, GEORGIA, GREECE, HUMAN RIGHTS, INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION, INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION - USA, INDUSTRIES, INDUSTRIES - USA, INTERNATIONAL, INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, IRAQ, ISLAMIC BANKS, ISRAEL, JORDAN, KUWAIT, MILITARY CONTRACTS, MOROCCO, OMAN, PAKISTAN, PHILIPPINES, RECESSION, REGULATIONS AND BUSINESS TRANSPARENCY, ROMANIA, SAUDI ARABIA, THE ARMS INDUSTRY, THE FLOW OF INVESTMENTS, THE ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN STRUGGLE, THE LAST DAYS OF GEORGE WALKER BUSH - 2008/Jan. 2009, THE LEBANESE CIVIL STRUGGLE, THE OCCUPATION WAR IN IRAQ, THE UNITED NATIONS, UNITED ARAB EMIRATES, USA, WAR IN AFGHANISTAN, WARS AND ARMED CONFLICTS, YEMEN | Leave a Comment »

ROMANIAN VOTERS MAY TURN TO EX-COMMUNISTS ON ECONOMIC CONCERNS

Posted by Gilmour Poincaree on November 28, 2008

November 28, 2008

PUBLISHED BY ‘BLOOMBERG’

by Adam Brown and Irina Savu

Nov. 28 (Bloomberg) – The Romanian Social Democrats, led by former communists, may win the most votes in Nov. 30 parliamentary elections by promising increased social benefits as the global financial crisis threatens job losses and economic stagnation.

Support for the Social Democrats rose to 35 percent in the last opinion poll before the vote from 25 percent in September, overtaking the Liberal Democrats, who had 32 percent. In third place was the governing Liberal Party, with 21 percent.

After years of economic boom, Romanians are seeking to prolong the good times and shelter from the worst of the global crisis as emerging markets are buffeted by tumbling stock prices and falling currencies. The Social Democrats, aspiring to power after four years in opposition, risk exacerbating financial instability by increasing social spending in the second-poorest country in the European Union, economists warn.

“The Social Democrats are benefiting from the instability of the global crisis but that’s what we don’t need right now,” Nicolaie Alexandru-Chidesciuc, a senior economist for ING Bank Romania in Bucharest. “We really need a government that can say ‘we need to cut back spending’ and promote fiscal responsibility. The Social Democrats are the very last party that would do it.”

The INSOMAR poll of 12,494 people between Nov. 21 and Nov. 23 showed voter support for the Liberal Democrats, who back President Traian Basescu, has fallen from 39.4 percent in September while support for the governing Liberals has risen from 19.9 percent. The poll has a margin of error of 1.5 percent.

Hungarian Minority

It also showed the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania, favored by the 1.4 million-member ethnic minority in the nation of 22 million, had 5 percent support. The nationalist New Generation Party, led by soccer financier Gigi Becali, scored 3 percent.

Though all parties promise to boost spending and shield the country from the global crisis, none is likely to gain a majority, meaning they must seek alliances to form a government. In 2004 elections, that process lasted until Dec. 28 and ended with the appointment of the Liberal Calin Tariceanu as prime minister, excluding the Social Democrats from government.

Alliances forged in Parliament are likely to shape the policy of the future government more than party platforms, said Alina Mungiu-Pippidi at the Romanian Academic Society in Bucharest.

“Controversy is likely to start on Dec. 1, after the elections,” she said. “They have to start talks to form a coalition government and they will have trouble finding any prime minister that they can agree on.”

Coalition Talks

Social Democrat leader Mircea Geoana, 50, a former foreign minister and ambassador to Washington, told foreign reporters on Nov. 14 that he will negotiate with any party to form a majority coalition and return to power.

“Everything is on the table,” he said. “If we get 40 percent of the vote, though, we will be in a much better position to form an alliance than if we get 25 percent.”

Mihaela Lazar, a 34-year-old clerk in a cable and wire shop that earns her $335 a month, has yet to decide if Geoana should lead the nation. Still, her town of Targoviste, where declining demand forced steelmaker Mechel Targoviste SA to lower production this month, may support the return of the Social Democrats, especially among pensioners.

“The older people trust them because they governed the country for a long time and they think they helped raise pensions,” said Lazar, pacing the unheated shop to stay warm.

Economic Focus

Elections in 2004 were focused on graft in the nation rated by Transparency International as the most corrupt in the EU. In the only televised debate between the three main candidates for prime minister, held on Nov. 26, none mentioned corruption, focusing instead on growth, multiannual budgets and potential finance ministers.

Increased wealth associated with EU membership is tangible as cranes bristle on the skylines of Romania’s major cities. Foreign trips, including many who had never been on an airplane, jumped an annual 21 percent in the first nine months of the year. New cars clog streets and imports more than doubled since the last ballot.

Soaring foreign investment, annual net wage increases of as much as 30 percent and a lending boom have spurred shop openings by retailers such as Carrefour SA, Ikea and Starbucks Corp. and driven real estate prices up as much as 10-fold.

Economists say Romanians may have to give up some of those gains as the international financial crisis translates into higher unemployment, factory closures, a weaker local currency, credit rating downgrades and a sharp slowdown in lending.

Spreading Layoffs

Companies including carmaker Dacia SA, food processor Kraft Romania SA and steel manufacturer Arcelor Mittal Romania have announced cutbacks or layoffs totaling 4,000 in October alone and many of their suppliers have said they will fire workers as well.

Gabriel Pana, a 50-year-old technician who earns $410 a month at the Russian-owned Targoviste steel plant, said he is bucking the trend to the Social Democrats and will cast his vote for the Liberal Democrats because the local politicians are younger and Romanian politics “need fresh views.”

“Geoana’s popularity has improved, but nothing else has changed,” Pana said as he closed the plant’s rusty gate behind him and started his walk home. “The promises are too many and too big, you have to be blind not to notice there’s nothing much they can do.”

To contact the reporter on this story: Adam Brown in Bucharest at abrown23@bloomberg.net;

Last Updated: November 27, 2008 17:00 EST

CLICK HERE FOR THE ORIGINAL ARTICLE

PUBLISHED BY ‘BLOOMBERG’

Posted in ECONOMIC CONJUNCTURE, ECONOMY, FINANCIAL CRISIS 2008/2009, FINANCIAL MARKETS, INTERNATIONAL, NATIONAL WORK FORCES, RECESSION, ROMANIA, THE WORK MARKET | Leave a Comment »

50 000 ROMANIANS SACKED IN TWO MONTHS OVER FINANCIAL CRISIS EFFECTS

Posted by Gilmour Poincaree on November 24, 2008

24 November 2008, Monday

The consequences of the global financial crisis have led to the sacking of 50 000 Romanians in October and November so far, the Romanian newspaper Ziua reported Monday as quoted by the Pari Daily.

Over 150 000 Romanians in total have been made redundant in the recent months, according to the article.

The President of the National Council of Small and Medium Sized Private Enterprises in Romania Ovidiu Nicolescu is quoted as saying that the economy was in stagnation, the investments had been blockaded, and the orders from abroad had declined substantially.

The Ziua newspaper points out that Romania’s economic growth in 2009 would most likely be 4%, which twice lower than the previously expected 8%. The prognosis is based on the opinion of 11 leading economists.

Romania’s construction, manufacturing, and agriculture are expected to bear the brunt of the effects of the financial crisis.

CLICK HERE FOR THE ORIGINAL ARTICLE

PUBLISHED BY ‘NOVINITE’ (Bulgaria)

Posted in AGRICULTURE, CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIES, ECONOMIC CONJUNCTURE, ECONOMY, FINANCIAL CRISIS 2008/2009, INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION, INDUSTRIES, INTERNATIONAL, NATIONAL WORK FORCES, RECESSION, ROMANIA, THE WORK MARKET, THE WORKERS | Leave a Comment »