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NAIROBI METROPOLITAN DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY LAUNCHED (Kenya)

Posted by Gilmour Poincaree on December 17, 2008

Mon, Dec 15, 2008

by PPS

PUBLISHED BY ‘KENYA BROADCASTING CORPORATION’

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Posted in CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIES, ECONOMIC CONJUNCTURE, ECONOMY, FINANCIAL CRISIS 2008/2009, FINANCIAL MARKETS, INDUSTRIES, INTERNATIONAL, KENYA, RECESSION, THE FLOW OF INVESTMENTS | Leave a Comment »

CO-OP BANK SUBSCRIBERS GET 100% SHARE ALLOCATION (Kenya)

Posted by Gilmour Poincaree on December 17, 2008

Mon, Dec 15, 2008

by Kendi Abwao

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Posted in BANKING SYSTEMS, ECONOMIC CONJUNCTURE, ECONOMY, FINANCIAL CRISIS 2008/2009, INTERNATIONAL, KENYA, RECESSION | Leave a Comment »

WORLD BANK RENEWS ENGAGEMENTS WITH KENYA

Posted by Gilmour Poincaree on December 17, 2008

Tue, Dec 16, 2008

by PMPS

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Posted in ECONOMIC CONJUNCTURE, ECONOMY, FINANCIAL CRISIS 2008/2009, FINANCIAL MARKETS, INTERNATIONAL, KENYA, RECESSION, THE FLOW OF INVESTMENTS, WORLD BANK | Leave a Comment »

QATAR LOOKS TO GROW FOOD IN KENYA -THE GULF STATE HAS JOINED A GROWING LIST OF RICH COUNTRIES THAT WANT TO GROW FOOD IN POOR COUNTRIES

Posted by Gilmour Poincaree on December 5, 2008

Tuesday December 2 2008 16.58 GMT

Xan Rice in Nairobi – guardian.co.uk

PUBLISHED BY ‘THE GUARDIAN’ (UK)

Qatar has asked Kenya to lease it 40,000 hectares of land to grow crops as part of a proposed package that would also see the Gulf state fund a new £2.4bn port on the popular tourist island of Lamu off the east African country.

The deal is the latest example of wealthy countries and companies trying to secure food supplies from the developing world.

Other Gulf states, including Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, have also been negotiating leases of large tracts of farmland in countries such as Sudan and Senegal since the global food shortages and price rises earlier this year.

The Kenyan president, Mwai Kibaki, returned from a visit to Qatar on Monday. His spokesman said the request for land in the Tana river delta, south of Lamu, in north-east Kenya was being seriously considered.

“Nothing comes for free,” said Isaiah Kabira. “If you want people to invest in your country then you have to make concessions.”

But the deal is likely to cause concern in Kenya where fertile land is unequally distributed. Several prominent political families own huge tracts of farmland, while millions of people live in densely packed slums.

The country is also experiencing a food crisis, with the government forced to introduce subsidies and price controls on maize this week after poor production and planning caused the price of the staple “ugali” flour to double in less than a year.

Kibaki said that Qatari Emir Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani was keen to invest in a second port to complement Mombasa, which serves as a gateway for goods bound for Uganda and Rwanda and is struggling to cope with the large volumes of cargo.

By building docks in Lamu, Kenya hopes to open a new trade corridor that will give landlocked Ethiopia and the autonomous region of Southern Sudan access to the Indian Ocean. Kabira said that if the financing was agreed, construction of the port would begin in 2010.

Qatar, which has large oil and gas revenues, imports most of its food, as most of its land is barren desert and just 1% is suitable for arable farming. It has already reportedly struck deals this year to grow rice in Cambodia, maize and wheat in Sudan and vegetables in Vietnam.

Much of the produce will be exported to the Gulf. Qatar’s foreign ministry in Doha did not return calls today, but Kabira said that its intention was to grow “vegetables and fruit” in Kenya.

The area proposed for the farming project is near the Tana river delta where the Kenyan government owns nearly 500,000 hectares (1.3m acres) of uncultivated land.

But a separate agreement to allow a local company to grow sugarcane and build a factory in the area has attracted fierce opposition from environmentalists who say a pristine ecosystem of mangrove swamps, savannah and forests will be destroyed.

Pastoralists, who regard the land as communal and rear up to 60,000 cattle to graze in the delta each dry season, are also opposed to the plan.

“We will have to ensure that this new project is properly explained to the people before it can go ahead,” said Kabira.

The sudden rush by foreign governments and companies to secure food supplies in Africa has some experts worried. Jacques Diouf, director general of the UN’s food and agricultural organisation (FAO), recently spoke of the risk of a “neo-colonial” agricultural system emerging.

The FAO said some of the first overseas projects by Gulf companies in Sudan, where more than 5 million people receive international food aid, showed limited local benefits, with much of the specialist labour and farming inputs imported.

A deal struck last month by Daewoo Logistics and Madagascar to grow crops on 1.3m hectares of land also attracted strong criticism. While the South Korean firm has promised to provide local jobs and will have to invest in building roads and farming infrastructure, it is paying no upfront fee and has a 99-year lease.

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PUBLISHED BY ‘THE GUARDIAN’ (UK)

Posted in 'DOHA TALKS', AGRICULTURE, BANKING SYSTEMS, COMMERCE, COMMODITIES MARKET, CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIES, ECONOMIC CONJUNCTURE, ECONOMY, ENVIRONMENT, FARMING SUBSIDIES, FINANCIAL CRISIS 2008/2009, FINANCIAL MARKETS, FOOD PRODUCTION (human), FOREIGN POLICIES, FRUITS AND FRESH VEGETABLES, INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION, INDUSTRIES, INTERNATIONAL, INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, KENYA, MACROECONOMY, NATIONAL WORK FORCES, QATAR, REGULATIONS AND BUSINESS TRANSPARENCY, ROAD TRANSPORT, SOUTH KOREA, THE ARABIAN PENINSULA, THE FLOW OF INVESTMENTS, THE UNITED NATIONS, THE WORK MARKET, THE WORKERS, TRANSPORT INDUSTRIES, WATER | Leave a Comment »

STORIA DELLE RIVOLUZIONI DEL XX SECOLO – LA RIVOLTA DEI MAU-MAU (Kenya)

Posted by Gilmour Poincaree on December 1, 2008

Romano Ledda – A cura di Roberto Bonchio

(1628, 1629)

Mentre l’Africa nera Nairobi. Ottobre 1952. Mau-mau arrestati dalla polizia inglese. I Mau-mau erano una setta segreta a sfondo nazionalistico-religioso costituitasi nel Kenya tra le populazioni Kikuyu, attorno al 1948; un campo di concentramento; un villagio, presunta centrale dei Mau-mau, dato alle fiamme dalle trupe inglesioccidentale ed equatoriale raggiunse l’indipendenza entro l’anno 1960, quella orientale, per lo piú a dominazione inglese, dovette attendere piú a lungo. Qui infatti ai consueti meccanismi di sfruttamento coloniale, si aggiungeva in generale la presenza di massicce immigrazioni bianche, che costituirono (e costituiscono ancora oggi nella Rhodesia dei sud e, sia puré con caratteristiche storiche diverse, nel Sud África) un forte ostacolo alia stessa política neocoloniale del’Inghilterra. Fu questa presenza di bianchi, che si era-no impadroniti delle terre migliori, ricacciando gli africani su quelle sterili, a provocare quella che forse è l’unica grande rivolta contadina del’Africa nera: la guerra che i Mau-mau condussero per tre anni contro il coloni bianchi dei Kenya.

La rivolta dei Mau-mau esplose con primitiva violenza nel 1952. Da trent’anni gli africani chiedevano terre migliori, la fine della discriminazione razziale, e il superamento di condizioni di vita che avevano dei bestiale. Come risposta ebbero un rigurgito di violenza e di crudeltà razziali. La rivolta partita dal gruppo étnico Kikuyu fu la legittima reazione al regime instaurato dai coloni. Essa colpi con durezza lê ricche fattorie degli « altipiani bianchi », rispose a colpo su colpo, porto dovunque il terrore, anche per quel suo carattere primitivo che circondava ogni azione di rappresaglia o di attacco contro i « signori bianchi », dei rituali magici delia tradizione tribale. Ma che non si trattasse di semplici bande criminali, come è stato troppo spesso detto, bensì di un movimento con profonde radici tra i contadini poveri dei Kenya, è dimostrato dal fatto che ci vollero ben tre anni per reprimere la rivolta. Fu una delle repressioni più brutali della storia coloniale. Si ripeterono qui le violenze, gli arbitri, le crudeltà dei francesi in Algeria. Jomo Kenyatta, presunto capo delia rivolta, venne arrestato confinato a tempo indefinito. Migliaia di kikuyu vennero massacrati, i villaggi incendiati, intere tribù ricacciate nelle foreste. Ma quando la rivolta fu alfine domata, il volto dei Kenya era ormai cambiato, e iniziò un processo « costituzionale » verso l’indipenza, ottenuta il 12 dicembre 1963. II partito di Kenyatta, il Kenya African National Union (KA-NU) assunse la direzione dei paese.

Prima dei Kenya, era divenuto indipendente, il 9 dicembre 1961, il Tanganika. E qui maturò uno dei regimi più avanzati dell’África nera, che ebbe ai suo centro il Tankanika African National Union (TANU), fondato nel 1954 da Julius Nyerere, attualmente presidente della Tanzania. Anche nel Tanganika il carattere nazionale, non tribale, dei partito fu determinante nell’orientare il paese verso programmi sociali ed economici, ispirati ad un nazionalismo progressista con elementi di socialismo. Un secondo elemento influi, però, in modo rilevante nella radicalizzazione degli orientamenti del TANU. Il 12 gennaio 1964 scoppiò una rivoluzione popolare nella vicina isola di Zanzibar. L’isola, che aveva ottenuto l’indipendenza nel dicembre 1963, era dominata dal sultano Ben Abdullah, sostenuto dagli inglesi, e rappresentante la minoranza araba delia popolazione. Il partito Umma, diretto da Mohammed Babu, a base prevalentemente contadina, si impadroni dei potere con una insurrezione armata, e il 18 gennaio proclamo la repubblica popolare di Zanzibar. Nell’aprile dello stesso anno, iniziarono le trattative tra il governo di Nyerere e quello di Zanzibar per la costituzione di un único Stato. In breve l’accordo fu raggiunto e il 25 aprile 1964 sorse la repubblica di Tanzania, con un orientamento político generale che si richiama esplicitamente al socialismo. L’accesso all’indipendenza dei possedimenti inglesi deli’África orientale si compì con una certa rapidità: il 9 ottobre 1962 divenne indipendente l’Uganda, il 6 luglio 1964 il Nyassaland, col nome di Malawi, il 24 ottobre 1964 la Rhodesia dei Nord, col nome di Zâmbia.

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GOVT. TO INCREASE AGRICULTURE BUDGET BY 8% (Kenya)

Posted by Gilmour Poincaree on November 12, 2008

Posted: Tue, Nov 11, 2008

Written by: PPS

President Mwai Kibaki has assured farmers that the Government will increase budgetary allocation to  President Mwai Kibaki flanked by Vice President Kalonzo Musyoka and Agriculture Minister Hon. William Ruto tour and exhibitions after he officially opened the National Agriculture Sector Second Biannual Conference at Safari Park hotel, Nairobi.the agricultural sector from the current 4.5 to 8 percent of the national budget.

Speaking when he officially opened the 2nd Biannual National Agriculture Sector Conference at Safari Park Hotel Tuesaday, President Kibaki reaffirmed his Government’s commitment to improving the agricultural sector for the benefit of the Kenyan farmer.

“We are ready to increase the funds allocated to the agricultural sector so as to improve the sector because farmers are paying slightly more tax than they used to,” President Kibaki said.

In this regard, the President challenged farmers to abandon outdated farming methods and adopt modern techniques that would guarantee them maximum returns for their hard labour.

The Head of State advised farmers to work closely with officials from the Ministry of Agriculture in order to transform the sector and make it more profitable.

On its part, President Kibaki said, the Government is implementing far reaching measures aimed at expanding and improving the agricultural sector.

He directed the Ministries of Agriculture and Finance to come up with interventions whose implementation will contribute towards increased productivity and reduction of high food prices.

Under the Vision 2030, President Kibaki said that the Government envisaged expansion of the existing cultivated land by over one million acres as well as establishing a manufacturing plant for fertilizers and agro-chemicals to boost agricultural productivity.

The President said, “In this regard, I am directing the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Finance to ensure that the necessary funds are made available.”

Noting that Kenya has the potential of becoming the regions grain-basket, President Kibaki expressed optimism that Kenyan farmers too were capable of doubling productivity so that the country could enjoy food security and have enough for export.

The Head of State called for urgent support to farmers to establish stable cooperatives that would enable them engage in agro-processing and value addition of their products which can significantly boost their income base.

“This is critical because with a contribution of 24 per cent to the Gross Domestic Product worth over 342 billion shillings per year, agriculture is the single most important sector to the growth of Kenya’s economy,” said the President.

President Kibaki pointed out that the Government’s efforts to revive agricultural institutions are reflected in the improved performance of individual sub-sectors and commodities thus tremendously increasing export earnings.

“For, example, export earnings from horticulture have increased from 37 billion in 2004 to 65 billion shillings in 2007. Realizing that this sub sector has greater potential and room for expansion, my Government is putting more efforts to further develop the small scale farmers to participate more actively in growing of horticultural crops,” noted the President.

With regard to the milk sub-sector, President Kibaki noted that milk production had increased from 2.8 billion litres in 2002 to 4.2 billion litres in 2007 while annual milk exports to the neighbouring region rose from 1 million litres to 22 million litres during the same period.

The Head of State hailed the revival of Kenya Meat Commission which is currently slaughtering 50 tons of beef for local consumption and exports 10 tonnes of beef to Dubai worth Shs 2.5 million.

Due to the enormous contribution of the livestock rearing to the socio-economic development of farmers, President Kibaki further directed that the sector be expanded by construction of satellite abattoirs in Isiolo, Moyale and Marsabit.

He said, “We must take these steps because my government recognizes the central role the livestock sub-sector plays in the socio-economic development of our people, especially those living in Arid and semi-arid areas.”

During the occasion the President expressed the Government’s commitment in reviving the extension services with the support of development partners, adding that the budget allocated to offer the services had been increased from 1.3 billion shillings in 2003 to over 5.4 billion shillings in the current financial year.

The President said, “We have also revived all the 27 Agricultural training centers and procured an additional 10 bulldozers and 125 tractors to revive the Agricultural Machinery Services. Farmers can now hire tractors for their farm operations at affordable cost.”

He further noted that the strengthening of the Agricultural Finance Corporation to provide affordable credit to farmers and the Kenya Seed Company to provide seeds at an affordable cost would improve tremendously agricultural productivity.

President Kibaki said, “While farmers need extension and research to improve agricultural productivity, affordable credit and inputs are also essential.”

The President further said that the African Development Bank and the International Fund for Agricultural Development would support the Government to invest about 4.3 billion shillings in the next five years to revamp small-scale irrigation projects.

The Head of State said, “I urge farmers to take advantage of this investment and grow high value crops such as flowers, Soya beans, French beans, fruits, herbs and spices for sale to the regional and international markets.”

The President added that the Government remained committed to harnessing Kenya’s irrigation potential to over dependence on rain-fed agriculture, saying that in the past four years major irrigation schemes have been revived.

“In addition, the Government with support from IFAD established eight small irrigation schemes covering a total of 980 acres. Plans are also underway to irrigate an additional 3,500 acres at the Mwea Irrigation Scheme at a cost of 8.3 billion shillings with support from the Government of Japan,” said the President.

President Kibaki, at the same, directed the Ministry of Water and Irrigation in collaboration with Ministries of Agriculture and Regional Authorities to invest more resources in areas suitable for irrigation.

The Head of State, however, expressed dissatisfaction over the slow pace in which some sectors of agriculture have lagged behind, citing the pyrethrum and cotton industries and directed the ministry concerned to expedite necessary reforms to enable farmers reap enough benefits.

He said, “I am however not satisfied with progress we have made in reforms in cotton and pyrethrum crops. Despite injecting some 250 million shillings annually, production of cotton has only increased from 45,000 to 53,000 bales in the last 3 years.”

With regard to the sugar sector, President Kibaki directed that the private sector be involved in sugar processing and marketing to achieve efficiency in industry particularly with the coming to end of the COMESA safeguards by 2012.

The Head of State also praised farmers for their hard work and appealed to them to protect the environment by increased planting of trees and practicing soil conservation.

Speaking during the occasion, Agriculture Minister William Ruto thanked President Kibaki for making deliberate efforts to improve the agricultural sector.

The Minister said the President’s personal intervention in the sector had recorded remarkable achievements, contributing 51 per cent of the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

Several senior Government officials including Vice-President Kalonzo Musyoka and Head of Public Service and Secretary to the Cabinet Amb. Francis Muthaura among others attended the occasion.

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