FROM SCRATCH NEWSWIRE

SCAVENGING THE INTERNET

Archive for the ‘MIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION’ Category

SOMALIA, THAILAND, & SAUDI AMONG DFA FLASH POINTS IN 2008 – The year 2008 has been a challenging one for the Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) as it saw a series of pirate attacks on merchant ships in Somalia, the repatriation of stranded Filipinos in Thailand, the beheading of a Filipino worker in Saudi Arabia, and the mass deportation of Filipinos in Malaysia

Posted by Gilmour Poincaree on January 3, 2009

Saturday, January 3, 2009

by Charissa M. Luci

PUBLISHED BY ‘THE MANILA BULLETIN’ (Philippines)

CLICK HERE FOR THE ORIGINAL ARTICLE

PUBLISHED BY ‘THE MANILA BULLETIN’ (Philippines)

Advertisements

Posted in CARGO PIRACY, CRIMINAL ACTIVITIES, ECONOMIC CONJUNCTURE, ECONOMY, FINANCIAL CRISIS 2008/2009, FOREIGN POLICIES, HUMAN RIGHTS, INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION, INDUSTRIES, INTERNATIONAL, INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, JUDICIARY SYSTEMS, MALAYSIA, MIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION, PHILIPPINES, RECESSION, SAUDI ARABIA, SOMALIA, THAILAND, THE UNITED NATIONS, THE WORK MARKET, THE WORKERS, THE WORKING ENVIRONMENT | Leave a Comment »

ECONOMIC CRISIS REVERSES FLOOD OF MIGRANTS IN CHINA

Posted by Gilmour Poincaree on December 31, 2008

December 30, 2008

by Simon Rabinovitch – Reuters

PUBLISHED BY ‘THE INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE’ (USA)

CLICK HERE FOR THE ORIGINAL ARTICLE

PUBLISHED BY ‘THE INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE’ (USA)

Posted in CHINA, ECONOMIC CONJUNCTURE, ECONOMY, FINANCIAL CRISIS 2008/2009, INTERNATIONAL, MACROECONOMY, MIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION, NATIONAL WORK FORCES, RECESSION, THE WORK MARKET, THE WORKERS, UNEMPLOYMENT | Leave a Comment »

SWIMMING UP STREAM

Posted by Gilmour Poincaree on December 6, 2008

Friday, Dec 05, 2008

REFLECTIONS BY COMRADE FIDEL

PUBLISHED BY ‘PORTAL CUBA’

REFLECTIONS BY COMRADE FIDEL

Following Obama’s speech, on May 23 this year, to the Cuban American National Foundation established by Ronald Reagan, I wrote a reflection entitled “The Empire’s Hypocritical Policy”. It was dated on the 25th of the same month.

In that Reflection I quoted his exact words to the Miami annexationists:

“[…] together we will stand up for freedom in Cuba; this is my word and my commitment

[…] It’s time to let Cuban American money make their families less dependent upon the Castro regime.

[…] I will maintain the embargo.”

I then offered several arguments and unethical examples of the general behavior of the Presidents who preceded the one who would be elected to that position on the November 4 elections. I literally wrote:

“I find myself forced to raise various sensitive questions:

1 – Is it right for the President of the United States to order the assassination of any one person in the world, whatever the pretext may be?

2 – Is it ethical for the President of the United States to order the torture of other human beings?

3 – Should state terrorism be used by a country as powerful as the United States as an instrument to bring about peace on the planet?

4 – Is an Adjustment Act, applied as punishment on only one country, Cuba, in order to destabilize it, good and honorable, even when it costs innocent children and mothers their lives? If it is good, why is this right not automatically granted to Haitians, Dominicans, and other peoples of the Caribbean, and why isn’t the same Act applied to Mexicans and people from Central and South America, who die like flies against the Mexican border wall or in the waters of the Atlantic and the Pacific?

5 – Can the United States do without immigrants, who grow vegetables, fruits, almonds and other delicacies for Americans? Who would sweep their streets, work as servants in their homes or do the worst and lowest-paid jobs?

6 – Are crackdowns on illegal residents fair, even as they affect children born in the United States?

7 – Are the brain-drain and the continuous theft of the best scientific and intellectual minds in poor countries moral and justifiable?

8 – You state, as I pointed out at the beginning of this reflection, that your country had long ago warned European powers that it would not tolerate any intervention in the hemisphere, reiterating that this right be respected while demanding the right to intervene anywhere in the world with the aid of hundreds of military bases and naval, aerial and spatial forces distributed across the planet. I ask: is that the way in which the United States expresses its respect for freedom, democracy and human rights?

9 – Is it fair to stage pre-emptive attacks on sixty or more dark corners of the world, as Bush calls them, whatever the pretext may be?

10 – Is it honorable and sound to invest millions upon millions of dollars in the military industrial complex, to produce weapons that can destroy life on earth several times over?”

I could have included several other issues.

Despite the caustic questions, I was not unkind to the African American candidate. I perceived he had greater capacity and command of the art of politics than his adversaries, not only in the opposing party but in his own, too.

Last week, the American President-elect Barack Obama announced his Economic Recovery Program.

Monday, December 1st, he introduced his National Security and Foreign Policy teams.

“Vice President-elect Biden and I are pleased to announce our national security team […] old conflicts remain unresolved, and newly assertive powers have put strains on the international system. The spread of nuclear weapons raises the peril that the world’s deadliest technology could fall into dangerous hands. Our dependence on foreign oil empowers authoritarian governments and endangers our planet.”

“…our economic power must sustain our military strength, our diplomatic leverage, and our global leadership.”

“We will renew old alliances and forge new and enduring partnerships […] American values are America’s greatest export to the world.”

“…the team that we have assembled here today is uniquely suited to do just that.”

“…these men and women represent all of those elements of American power […] they have served in uniform and as diplomats […] they share my pragmatism about the use of power, and my sense of purpose about America’s role as a leader in the world.”

“I have known Hillary Clinton…,” he says.

I am mindful of the fact that she was President-elect Barack Obama’s rival and the wife of President Clinton, who signed the extraterritorial Torricelli and Helms Burton Acts against Cuba. During the presidential race she committed herself with these laws and with the economic blockade. I am not complaining, I am simply stating it for the record.

“I am proud that she will be our next Secretary of State,” said Obama. “[she] will command respect in every capitol; and who will clearly have the ability to advance our interests around the world. Hillary’s appointment is a sign to friend and foe of the seriousness of my commitment…”

“At a time when we face an unprecedented transition amidst two wars, I have asked Robert Gates to continue as Secretary of Defense…”

“[…] I will be giving Secretary Gates and our military a new mission as soon as I take office: responsibly ending the war in Iraq through a successful transition to Iraqi control.”

It strikes me that Gates is a Republican, not a Democrat. He is the only one who has been Defense Secretary and Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, that is, he has occupied these positions under both Democratic and Republican Administrations. Gates, who is aware of his popularity, has said that first made sure that the President-elect was choosing him for as long as necessary.

On the other hand, while Condoleezza Rice was traveling to India and Pakistan under Bush’s instructions to mediate in the tense relations between these two countries, two days ago, the minister of Defense from Brazil gave the green light to a Brazilian company to manufacture MAR-1 missiles, but instead of one a month, as it had been the case until now, it will produce five every month. One hundred of these missiles will be sold to Pakistan at an estimated cost of 85 million euros.

In a public statement, the minister said that “these missiles that can be attached to planes have been designed to locate ground radars. They allow the effective monitoring of both the ground and air space.”

As for Obama, he continued unflappable his Monday statement: “And going forward, we will continue to make the investments necessary to strengthen our military and increase our ground forces to defeat the threats of the 21st century.”

On Janet Napolitano, he indicated: “[she] offers the experience and executive skill that we need in the next Secretary of Homeland Security…”

“Janet assumes this critical role having learned the lessons – some of them painful – of the last several years, from 9/11 to Katrina […] She understands as well as anyone the danger of an insecure border. And she will be a leader who can reform a sprawling Department while safeguarding our homeland.”

This familiar figure had been appointed a District Attorney in Arizona by Clinton in 1993, and then promoted to State Attorney General in 1998. Later on, in 2002, she became a Democratic Party candidate and then governor of that bordering state which is the most common incoming route used by illegal immigrants. She was elected governor in 2006.

About Susan Elizabeth Rice, he said: “Susan knows that the global challenges we face demand global institutions that work… We need the UN to be more effective as a venue for collective action – against terror and proliferation; climate change and genocide; poverty and disease.”

On National Security Advisor James Jones he said: “[…] I am convinced that General James Jones is uniquely suited to be a strong and skilled National Security Advisor. Generations of Joneses have served heroically on the battlefield – from the beaches of Tarawa in World War II, to Foxtrot Ridge in Vietnam. Jim’s Silver Star is a proud part of that legacy […] He has commanded a platoon in battle, served as Supreme Allied Commander in a time of war, (he means NATO and the Gulf War) and worked on behalf of peace in the Middle East.”

“Jim is focused on the threats of today and the future. He understands the connection between energy and national security, and has worked on the frontlines of global instability – from Kosovo to northern Iraq to Afghanistan.”

“He will advise me and work effectively to integrate our efforts across the government, so that we are effectively using all elements of American power to defeat unconventional threats and promote our values.”

“I am confident that this is the team that we need to make a new beginning for American national security.”

Obama is somebody we can talk to anywhere he wishes since we do not preach violence or war. He should be reminded, though, that the stick and carrot doctrine will have no place in our country.

None of the phrases in his latest speech shows any element of response to the questions I raised last May 25, just six months ago.

I will not say now that Obama is any less smart. On the contrary, he is showing the mental faculties that enabled me to see and compare his capacity with that of his mediocre adversary, John McCain, who was almost rewarded for his “exploits” merely due to the traditions of the American society. If it had not been for the economic crisis, television and the Internet, Obama would not have won the elections against the omnipotent racism. It also helped that he studied first in the University of Columbia, where he graduated in Political Sciences, and then in Harvard where he graduated as a lawyer. This enabled him to become a member of the modestly rich class with only several million dollars. He is certainly not Abraham Lincoln, nor are these times similar to those. That society is today a consumer society where the saving habits have been lost while the spending habit has multiplied.

Somebody had to offer a calm and serene response even though this will have to swim up the powerful stream of hopes raised by Obama in the international public opinion.

I only have two more press dispatches left to analyze. They all carry news from everywhere. I have estimated that only the United States will be spending in this economic crisis over $6 trillion in paper money, an amount that can only be assessed by the rest of the peoples of the world with their sweat and hunger, their suffering and blood.

Our principles are the same as those of Baraguá. The empire should know that our Homeland can be turned to dust but the sovereign rights of the Cuban people are not negotiable.

Fidel Castro Ruz

December 4, 2008 – 5:28p.m.

CLICK HERE FOR THE ORIGINAL ARTICLE

PUBLISHED BY ‘PORTAL CUBA’

Posted in BANKING SYSTEM - USA, BANKING SYSTEMS, BARACK HUSSEIN OBAMA -(DEC. 2008/JAN. 2009), CENTRAL BANKS, COMMERCE, COMMERCIAL PROTECTIONISM, COMMODITIES MARKET, CUBA, DEFENCE TREATIES, ECONOMIC CONJUNCTURE, ECONOMY, ECONOMY - USA, ENVIRONMENT, FINANCIAL CRISIS - USA - 2008/2009, FINANCIAL CRISIS 2008/2009, FINANCIAL MARKETS, FOREIGN POLICIES, FOREIGN POLICIES - USA, FOREIGN WORK FORCE - ILLEGAL, FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND CONSCIENCE, HOUSING CRISIS - USA, HUMAN RIGHTS, INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION, INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION - USA, INDUSTRIES, INDUSTRIES - USA, INTERNATIONAL, INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, MIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION, MILITARY CONTRACTS, RECESSION, THE ARMS INDUSTRY, THE FLOW OF INVESTMENTS, THE LAST DAYS OF GEORGE WALKER BUSH - 2008/Jan. 2009, THE MEDIA (US AND FOREIGN), THE OCCUPATION WAR IN IRAQ, THE WORK MARKET, USA, WAR IN AFGHANISTAN, WARS AND ARMED CONFLICTS | Leave a Comment »

LIBYA, EU LAUNCH LANDMARK NEGOTIATIONS – Elobeidi: Tripoli will Contribute to a Partnership as Much as EU can be Useful to Libya – Negotiations started in Brussels on Thursday on the EU-Libya Framework Agreement

Posted by Gilmour Poincaree on November 15, 2008

15/11/2008 – 15:34:00

LIBYA, EU LAUNCH LANDMARK NEGOTIATIONS – Elobeidi: Tripoli will Contribute to a Partnership as Photo - EU Commissioner for External Relations Benito Ferrero-Waldner, right, addresses the media together with Libya's Secretary for European Affairs Abdulati Elobeidi at the EU Commission in Brussels, Thursday Nov. 13, 2008. Ferrero-Waldner launched negotiations for a Framework Agreement between the EU and Libya to strengthen the political, economic, commercial, social and cultural relations between both parties.(AP Photo)Much as EU can be Useful to Libya – Negotiations started in Brussels on Thursday on the EU-Libya Framework Agreement

European Commissioner for External Relations and European Neighbourhood Policy, Benita Ferrero-Waldner, joined by the EU Presidency, formally launch the negotiations in a meeting with the Libyan representatives led by Abdulati Elobeidi, Secretary for European Affairs, and Mohamed Tahar Siala, Deputy Secretary at the General People Committee for Foreign Liaison and International Cooperation of Libya.

The future agreement will establish the framework of the relations between the EU and Libya.

Mr. Elobeidi, said Libya would “contribute definitely to an efficient partnership with the EU, as much as the EU on its side can be useful for Libya.

“We are very pleased with this beginning and we are very much aspiring to the future,” he added.

The accord will cover political, social, economic, commercial and cultural relations, between the European bloc and Libya.

“This was a long awaited moment since the 2004 EU’s decision to lift the sanctions against Libya and to start a policy of engagement with this country. I am pleased that we can finally launch these negotiations,” Ms Ferrero-Waldner said.

The future agreement, if concluded in line with the level of ambition currently stated by the parties, will have a high potential for the development of deep cooperation, opening the way to a strong political partnership and to the increase in trade and investments between Libya and the EU.

“Libya is the last south-Mediterranean country with which the EU has no contractual relations and we are keen to establish a clear, long-lasting legal framework in order to strengthen dialogue and cooperation with Libya. The Commission has received from the Council a broad negotiation mandate that proves the EU’s aims at concluding with Libya an agreement as ambitious as Libya is prepared to consent, covering areas such as political dialogue, trade, energy, migrations and environment,” Ferrero-Waldner said.

The Commission’s negotiations mandate was adopted on July 24, 2008 by the Council. The objective is to conclude a broad agreement providing for political dialogue and cooperation on foreign policy and security issues, for a free trade area which is as deep and comprehensive as possible, for cooperation in key areas of common concern such as energy, transport, migration, visa, justice and home affairs, environment and other topics like maritime policy and fisheries, education and public health.

At present, Libya benefits from an EC medical and technical cooperation program in the area of HIV/AIDS for a total allocated amount of €8 million, as part of the EU Action Plan for Benghazi.

In the field of migration the EU and Libya are already cooperating since 2004. Two projects have already been financed under the thematic program “Migration and Asylum” one concerning the control of the borders with Niger and one on assistance to voluntary return of migrants, while a third project should start in early 2009.

The EU statement also said fundamental principles underpinning the agreement would be respect for human rights and democracy, the non proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and commitment to the rules of the market economy.

(agencies)

CLICK HERE FOR THE ORIGINAL ARTICLE

PUBLISHED BY ‘THE TRIPOLI POST’ (Lybia)

Posted in COMMERCE, ECONOMY, INTERNATIONAL, INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, LYBIA, MIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION, THE EUROPEAN UNION, THE FLOW OF INVESTMENTS | Leave a Comment »

OVERSEAS WORKERS DEPLOYED THIS YEAR TOTAL 1.115 M (Philippines)

Posted by Gilmour Poincaree on November 14, 2008

Saturday, November 15, 2008

by Raymund F. Antonio

The number of Filipino workers deployed overseas this year has reached 1,115,199, its highest level OVERSEAS WORKERduring a ten-month period in two years, the Philippine Overseas Employment Administration (POEA) said yesterday.

POEA Administrator Jennifer Jardin-Manalili said OFW deployment, composed of land-based and sea-based workers, from January to October this year surpassed the 888,339 recorded during the same period in 2007.

“The number of newly hired Filipino workers reached 373,777, higher than the 331,779 Filipino workers who were rehired by their foreign employers,” Manalili said in her report to the Department of Labor and Employment (DoLE).

OFW deployment increased by 25.5 percent, mostly in the land-based sector, the POEA chief said.

The POEA official, however, reported that the contracts of Filipino workers processed declined from 1,065,419 in 2007 to 1,024,017 during the ten-month period this year.

Based on the agency’s report, 705,556 land-based Filipino workers and 318,461 seafarers made up the total number of OFWs whose contracts were processed. There was reportedly a decline in OFW deployment in both sectors.

Manalili said the annual deployment of one-million Filipino workers abroad will remain steady until next year, despite the possible recession that could lead to the massive displacement of several foreign workers abroad.

“As of now, there is no change in our target to deploy more Filipino workers abroad. We will have the same projections until next year,” she said.

The POEA official allayed fears of OFWs losing their jobs due to the global meltdown since they have other employment opportunities in New Zealand, Canada, Australia, and other markets such as those in Qatar, Bahrain, and United Arab Emirates (UAE) that are hiring highly skilled foreign workers.

“Qatari officials assured us that the financial crisis will not make it harder for OFWs to find work in their home country,” Manalili said.

The POEA chief asked the recruitment industry to report any significant decrease in the contracts of Filipino workers or cancellation of job orders from host countries.

CLICK HERE FOR THE ORIGINAL ARTICLE

PUBLISHED BY ‘MANILA BULLETIN’ (Philippines)

Posted in ECONOMIC CONJUNCTURE, ECONOMY, FOREIGN WORK FORCE - LEGAL, INTERNATIONAL, MIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION, PHILIPPINES, THE WORK MARKET, THE WORKERS | Leave a Comment »

ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS AND FOOD COST OR HOW STRICT IMMIGRATION POLICY KILLS THE AMERICAN FARMER (USA)

Posted by Gilmour Poincaree on November 12, 2008

November 11, 2008

For years now whenever someone made the battle cry, “Let’s get rid of all the illegal immigrants” I Photo - American Gothic (1930), oil on beaverboard, 74.3 x 62.4 cm. All rights reserved by The Art Institute of Chicago and VAGA, New York, NYwould counter with a question to directly jab where it hurts the most–the pocketbook. “Do you want to keep food prices as low as they are? How much of your paycheck are you willing to put for food in order to keep the immigrants out?” It was an easy argument to make. I knew that migrant workers, paid a few dollars a day for their menial labor, helped to keep the US’s food costs to a surreal minimum. It seemed a no-brainer–take away cheap labor and you no longer have cheap food.

And I didn’t think about my argument much beyond the fact that usually got the Pro-Migra people to think twice before demanding blanket immigration policies. However, that was until I went looking for evidence to help prove my point. In the age of refrigerated trucks, the free market, and a little help from NAFTA, ejecting migrant workers from the United States would not mean the end of our cheap food supply. Instead, it would be the American farmers that rely on the cheap labor to hand pick fragile fruits and veggies that would become barren. We mass consumers would still enjoy our strawberries and avocados from Mexico, our cucumbers from Canada, and bananas from Costa Rica. We mostly rely on them for our off-season needs now, but swift upward trends do not forecast bounty in our farmers futures.

American producers have been cheating in the price wars. Importing cheap labor and keeping transportation distances low, our farmers have been able to undercut the competition from migrant workers’ own homelands. Plus “Made in America” sells. However, “for the last several years, crackdowns on illegal immigrants and the lack of comprehensive immigration reform have increased anxiety among [New York State] farmers, many of whom rely on a migrant labor force from Latin America to work their fields.” Many farmers have already scaled back harvest sizes or switched to less labor-intensive products. (Link.)

So, the next time someone says they want to expel the migrant population from the US, I won’t tell them how doing so will destroy their pocketbooks, but rather something closer to the heart–the idyllic dream of the American farmer.

CLICK HERE FOR THE ORIGINAL ARTICLE

PUBLISHED BY ‘FOOD BUBBLES’

Posted in AGRICULTURE, COMMODITIES MARKET, CRIMINAL ACTIVITIES, ECONOMY, FOREIGN WORK FORCE - ILLEGAL, MIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION, NATIONAL WORK FORCES, THE WORK MARKET, THE WORKERS, TRAFFICKING OF ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS, USA | 1 Comment »

UAE AND INDONESIA AIM TO BOOST TRADE RELATIONS

Posted by Gilmour Poincaree on November 11, 2008

Published: November 11, 2008, 00:11

by Binsal Abdul Kader, Staff Reporter

Abu Dhabi: Indonesians in the UAE are thrilled with the increasing number of professionals among them.

“When I reached Abu Dhabi nine years ago, I didn’t find many Indonesian engineers. Now, our Indonesian artists perform Gamelan, a traditional instrumental music from Java and Bali islands.association of petroleum engineers has more than 250 members”, Irfan Hendrawan , a petroleum engineer told Gulf News.

“Even a construction company working on an Island in the capital alone recruited 600 Indonesian engineers recently”, said Mohammad Loekito Slamet, Vice-President of UAE chapter of Society of Indonesian Petroleum Engineers.

“Among the 75,000 strong community, majority of them are housemaids but I was surprised to find about 160 engineers and their families in Ruwais, a remote town, 250 kilometres away from the capital”, M.Wahid Supriyadi, Indonesian Ambassador to the UAE told Gulf News.

“I met them as part of my efforts to form Indonesian Business and Professional Organisation in the Abu DhabiUAE “, said Supriyadi who took charge as the ambassador six months ago. “We expect more than 2,000 professionals and business men to be the members of the organisation”.

The ambassador and community members spoke to Gulf News on the sidelines of a reception hosted by the embassy as part of Indonesian national day celebrations on Sunday evening.

“Although national day was on August 17, we set aside the celebrations to this month, for the convenience of the community”, said the ambassador.

Saqr Gobash Saeed Gobash, Minister of Labour, was the chief guest.

A group of Indonesian artist played Gamelan, traditional instrumental music from Java and Bali islands, which touched the hearts of guests and the community members. Traditional dance also added colour to the celebrations.

A special corner of Indonesian food gave a new experience to the guests.

The ambassador said that being moderate Muslim countries, both are enjoying a very strong political relation and are trying to expand trade and people to people contact.

“The UAE has committed to invest $6.2 billion in our country as part of growing trade relations. Both countries have found new areas of opportunities which were ignored in the past”, said Supriyadi.

CLICK HERE FOR THE ORIGINAL ARTICLE

PUBLISHED BY ‘GULF NEWS’

Posted in ASIA, BANKING SYSTEMS, COMMERCE, COMMODITIES MARKET, ECONOMIC CONJUNCTURE, ECONOMY, ENERGY, FINANCIAL MARKETS, FOREIGN WORK FORCE - LEGAL, INDONESIA, INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION, INDUSTRIES, INTERNATIONAL, INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, MIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION, PETROL, THE ARABIAN PENINSULA, THE WORK MARKET, THE WORKERS, UNITED ARAB EMIRATES | Leave a Comment »

AFRICAN MIGRANTS STORM BORDER OF SPANISH CITY – Police use tear gas to keep them from crossing into Melilla from Morrocco

Posted by Gilmour Poincaree on November 11, 2008

Updated 11:32 a.m. ET Nov. 10, 2008

Associated Press

MADRID, Spain – African migrants armed with sticks and rocks stormed the border of a Spanish enclave in North Africa on Monday but police using tear gas repelled them, the Spanish Interior Ministry said.

Border guards repelled two waves totaling about 200 Africans in the fifth and largest such attempt to reach the Spanish city of Melilla from Morocco in less than a month, said Gregorio Escobar, the ministry’s top representative in Melilla.

No migrant managed to cross into the Mediterranean city of some 70,000 people.

Moroccan authorities detained most of the 150 Africans who tried to rush a border crossing in a first attempt. Less than an hour later, a group of about 60 turned violent as they tried to force their way across and Spanish authorities used riot gear and tear gas to keep them out, Escobar said.

Police officers suffer minor injuries

Two Spanish police were slightly injured and six other officers were treated after inhaling tear gas, he said.

Thousands of African migrants seeking a better life in Europe try to enter Spain each year. Most try to reach the Canary Islands by boat and others try enter Melilla or Ceuta, another Spanish enclave on Morocco’s coast.

Police have prevented migrants from crossing into Melilla on all the previous attempts over the past weeks except on one occasion when 37 migrants got through. They were later detained on Spanish soil.

Each time, migrants tried to get through a section of border fence damaged in torrential rains in late October. On Monday, however, they targeted a regular border crossing used daily by thousands of people.

Migrants wait on Moroccan side

The migrants often spend weeks or months living in a forest on the Moroccan side of the frontier as they await a chance to cross into Melilla.

The rains in October washed away most of their belongings and made living conditions even worse, said Khalil Jemmah, the head of Morocco’s Association of Victims of Illegalized Migration.

“They’re desperately trying to cross because they’ve got nothing left to lose,” Jemmah told the Associated Press late Saturday after a group of 50 sub-Saharan migrants fought with Moroccan police protecting the breached fence.

Copyright 2008 The Associated Press. All rights reserved.

CLICK HERE FOR THE ORIGINAL ARTICLE

PUBLISHED BY ‘MSNBC’ (USA)

Posted in AFRICA, ECONOMIC CONJUNCTURE, ECONOMY, EUROPE, FOREIGN WORK FORCE - ILLEGAL, INTERNATIONAL, MIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION, MOROCCO, SPAIN, THE WORK MARKET, THE WORKERS | Leave a Comment »