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INDÚSTRIA DA CONSTRUÇÃO TERÁ MENOS PRESSÃO COM REDUÇÃO DOS JUROS (Brazil)

Posted by Gilmour Poincaree on January 22, 2009

Quinta-feira, 22/01/2009 – 10:10

Jornal da Mídia

PUBLISHED BY ‘JORNAL DA MÍDIA’ (Brazil)

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PUBLISHED BY ‘JORNAL DA MÍDIA’ (Brazil)

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Posted in BANCO CENTRAL - BRASIL, BRASIL, CEMENT, CENTRAL BANKS, CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIES, ECONOMIA - BRASIL, ECONOMIC CONJUNCTURE, ECONOMY, EXPANSÃO ECONÔMICA, EXPANSÃO INDUSTRIAL, FINANCIAL CRISIS 2008/2009, FINANCIAL MARKETS, FINANCIAL SERVICES INDUSTRIES, FLUXO DE CAPITAIS, INDÚSTRIA DA CONSTRUÇÃO CIVIL, INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION, INDUSTRIES, INTERNATIONAL, MACROECONOMY, O MERCADO FINANCEIRO, O PODER EXECUTIVO FEDERAL, REAL ESTATE INDUSTRIES, RECESSION, REGULATIONS AND BUSINESS TRANSPARENCY, STATE TARIFFS, TAXA SELIC, THE FLOW OF INVESTMENTS | 1 Comment »

UP GOVT. TO AID DEVELOPERS IN NOIDA (India)

Posted by Gilmour Poincaree on January 22, 2009

22 Jan 2009, 1337 hrs IST

ET Bureau

PUBLISHED BY ‘ECONOMIC TIMES’ (India)

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PUBLISHED BY ‘ECONOMIC TIMES’ (India)

Posted in BANKING SYSTEMS, CEMENT, COMMERCE, COMMODITIES MARKET, CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIES, ECONOMIC CONJUNCTURE, ECONOMY, FINANCIAL CRISIS 2008/2009, FINANCIAL MARKETS, INDIA, INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION, INDUSTRIAL SUBSIDIES, INDUSTRIES, INTERNATIONAL, REAL ESTATE INDUSTRIES, RECESSION, REGULATIONS AND BUSINESS TRANSPARENCY, RESTRUCTURING OF PRIVATE COMPANIES, THE FLOW OF INVESTMENTS | Leave a Comment »

SWITZERLAND’S HOLCIM TO CUT 3,300 JOBS

Posted by Gilmour Poincaree on January 17, 2009

22:39:00 01/15/2009

Agence France-Presse

PUBLISHED BY ‘THE PHILIPPINE DAILY INQUIRER’ (Philippines)

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PUBLISHED BY ‘THE PHILIPPINE DAILY INQUIRER’ (Philippines)

Posted in BANKING SYSTEM - USA, CEMENT, COMMERCE, COMMODITIES MARKET, CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIES, ECONOMIC CONJUNCTURE, ECONOMY, ECONOMY - USA, FINANCIAL CRISIS - USA - 2008/2009, FINANCIAL CRISIS 2008/2009, INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION, INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION - USA, INDUSTRIES, INDUSTRIES - USA, INTERNATIONAL, RECESSION, RESTRUCTURING OF PRIVATE COMPANIES, SWITZERLAND, THE FLOW OF INVESTMENTS, THE LAST DAYS OF GEORGE WALKER BUSH - 2008/Jan. 2009, THE WORK MARKET, UNEMPLOYMENT, USA | 1 Comment »

CHINATRUST BREAKS GROUND ON NT$15BN CONSTRUCTION PROJECT

Posted by Gilmour Poincaree on January 16, 2009

Friday, Jan 16, 2009

by Joyce Huang – STAFF REPORTER

PUBLISHED BY ‘THE TAIPEI TIMES’ (Formosa – Taiwan)

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PUBLISHED BY ‘THE TAIPEI TIMES’ (Formosa – Taiwan)

Posted in BANKING SYSTEMS, CEMENT, CHINA, COMMERCE, COMMODITIES MARKET, CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIES, ECONOMIC CONJUNCTURE, ECONOMY, ENERGY, ENERGY INDUSTRIES, ENVIRONMENT, FINANCIAL CRISIS 2008/2009, FINANCIAL MARKETS, FINANCIAL SERVICES INDUSTRIES, GLOBAL WARMING, INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION, INDUSTRIES, INTERNATIONAL, MACROECONOMY, POLLUTION, PUBLIC SECTOR AND STATE OWNED ENTERPRISES, RECESSION, SOLAR, SOLAR CELLS INDUSTRIES, THE FLOW OF INVESTMENTS | Leave a Comment »

DAYTON SUPERIOR LOOKING AT SELLING ITSELF (USA)

Posted by Gilmour Poincaree on January 16, 2009

by Thomas Gnau – Staff Writer

Staff Report

PUBLISHED BY ‘DAYTON DAILY NEWS’ (USA)

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PUBLISHED BY ‘DAYTON DAILY NEWS’ (USA)

Posted in BANKING SYSTEM - USA, BANKING SYSTEMS, CEMENT, COMMERCE, COMMODITIES MARKET, CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIES, ECONOMIC CONJUNCTURE, ECONOMY, ECONOMY - USA, FINANCIAL CRISIS - USA - 2008/2009, FINANCIAL CRISIS 2008/2009, FINANCIAL MARKETS, FINANCIAL SERVICES INDUSTRIES, INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION - USA, INDUSTRIES - USA, RECESSION, STOCK MARKETS, THE FLOW OF INVESTMENTS, THE LAST DAYS OF GEORGE WALKER BUSH - 2008/Jan. 2009, USA | Leave a Comment »

CIMENTO – VENDAS CRESCERAM 14,3% EM 2008 (Brazil)

Posted by Gilmour Poincaree on January 14, 2009

[ 13/01/2009 ]

por Chiara Quintão – Agência Estado

PUBLISHED BY ‘JORNAL CRUZEIRO DO SUL’

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PUBLISHED BY ‘JORNAL CRUZEIRO DO SUL’

Posted in ÍNDICES ECONÔMICOS - BRASIL, BRASIL, CEMENT, COMÉRCIO - BRASIL, COMMODITIES MARKET, CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIES, ECONOMIA - BRASIL, ECONOMIC CONJUNCTURE, ECONOMY, EXPANSÃO ECONÔMICA, EXPANSÃO INDUSTRIAL, FINANCIAL CRISIS 2008/2009, FINANCIAL MARKETS, FINANCIAL SERVICES INDUSTRIES, FINANCIAMENTO IMOBILIÁRIO, FLUXO DE CAPITAIS, INDÚSTRIA DA CONSTRUÇÃO CIVIL, INDÚSTRIAS, INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION, INDUSTRIES, INSTITUIÇÕES DE FOMENTO NACIONAL, INTERNATIONAL, O MERCADO FINANCEIRO, O SISTEMA BANCÁRIO - BRASIL, PUBLIC SECTOR AND STATE OWNED ENTERPRISES, RECESSION, REGULATIONS AND BUSINESS TRANSPARENCY, THE FLOW OF INVESTMENTS | Leave a Comment »

GERDAU ALTERA TURNOS EM CHARQUEADAS E DEMITE EM SAPUCAIA DO SUL – AJUSTES SÃO REALIZADOS DESDE DEZEMBRO PARA ADAPTAR A PRODUÇÃO AOS EFEITOS DA CRISE FINANCEIRA (Brazil)

Posted by Gilmour Poincaree on January 13, 2009

13/01/2009 – 00h07min

Zero Hora

PUBLISHED BY ‘ZERO HORA’ (Brazil)

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PUBLISHED BY ‘ZERO HORA’ (Brazil)

Posted in BRASIL, CEMENT, COMÉRCIO - BRASIL, COMMERCE, COMMODITIES MARKET, CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIES, ECONOMIA - BRASIL, ECONOMIC CONJUNCTURE, ECONOMY, FINANCIAL CRISIS 2008/2009, FLUXO DE CAPITAIS, INDÚSTRIA DA CONSTRUÇÃO CIVIL, INDÚSTRIA METALÚRGICA, INDÚSTRIAS, INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION, INDUSTRIES, INTERNATIONAL, METALS, METALS INDUSTRY, O MERCADO DE TRABALHO - BRASIL, O MUNDO DO TRABALHO - BRASIL, OS TRABALHADORES, RECESSION, RESTRUCTURING OF PRIVATE COMPANIES, THE FLOW OF INVESTMENTS, THE WORK MARKET, THE WORKERS, THE WORKING ENVIRONMENT, UNEMPLOYMENT | Leave a Comment »

CHINA TO HELP BUILD SPORTS STADIUM IN BAHAMAS, PROVIDE $7.3 MILLION GRANT

Posted by Gilmour Poincaree on January 1, 2009

December 31, 2008 – 10:26 AM

Associated Press

PUBLISHED BY ‘THE STAR TRIBUNE’ (USA)

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PUBLISHED BY ‘THE STAR TRIBUNE’ (USA)

Posted in BANKING SYSTEMS, CEMENT, CENTRAL AMERICA, CHINA, COMMODITIES MARKET, CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIES, ECONOMIC CONJUNCTURE, ECONOMY, FINANCIAL CRISIS 2008/2009, FINANCIAL MARKETS, FOREIGN POLICIES, FOREIGN WORK FORCE - LEGAL, INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION, INDUSTRIES, INTERNATIONAL, INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, NATIONAL WORK FORCES, RECESSION, REGULATIONS AND BUSINESS TRANSPARENCY, THE FLOW OF INVESTMENTS, THE WORK MARKET | Leave a Comment »

MATO GROSSO ARRECADA R$ 51 MILHÕES A MAIS COM FETHAB (Brazil)

Posted by Gilmour Poincaree on December 30, 2008

29 de dezembro de 2008 – 10h28

Só Notícias

PUBLISHED BY ‘SÓ NOTICIAS’ (Brazil)

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PUBLISHED BY ‘SÓ NOTICIAS’ (Brazil)

Posted in BRASIL, CEMENT, CIDADANIA, CIDADES, COMBATE À DESIGUALDADE E À EXCLUSÃO - BRASIL, CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIES, ECONOMIA - BRASIL, ECONOMIC CONJUNCTURE, ECONOMY, EXPANSÃO ECONÔMICA, EXPANSÃO INDUSTRIAL, FINANCIAL CRISIS 2008/2009, FINANCIAL MARKETS, FLUXO DE CAPITAIS, INDÚSTRIA DA CONSTRUÇÃO CIVIL, INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION, INDUSTRIES, INTERNATIONAL, MINISTÉRIO DAS CIDADES, MT, O PODER EXECUTIVO FEDERAL, PUBLIC SECTOR AND STATE OWNED ENTERPRISES, RECESSION, THE FLOW OF INVESTMENTS | Leave a Comment »

GOLDEN FDI FLOWS AMID THE GLOOM – VIETNAM’S AUTHORITIES ARE UPBEAT ABOUT THE NATION’S GROWING FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT CAPITAL ATTRACTIVENESS IN A TOUGH 2009 DESPITE THE GLOBAL TURMOIL

Posted by Gilmour Poincaree on December 30, 2008

29-12-2008

by Hoang Mai – Vietnam Investment Review

PUBLISHED BY ‘THE VIETNAM INVESTMENT REVIEW’

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PUBLISHED BY ‘THE VIETNAM INVESTMENT REVIEW’

Posted in BANKING SYSTEMS, CEMENT, COMMERCE, COMMODITIES MARKET, CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIES, ECONOMIC CONJUNCTURE, ECONOMY, ENERGY INDUSTRIES, FINANCIAL CRISIS 2008/2009, FINANCIAL MARKETS, INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION, INDUSTRIES, INTERNATIONAL, JAPAN, METALS INDUSTRY, MINING INDUSTRIES, NATIONAL WORK FORCES, PETROL, PUBLIC SECTOR AND STATE OWNED ENTERPRISES, RECESSION, STEEL, STOCK MARKETS, THE FLOW OF INVESTMENTS, THE WORK MARKET, VIETNAM, WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION | Leave a Comment »

CONCRETE MASONERS PUT THEIR CASE (South Africa)

Posted by Gilmour Poincaree on December 13, 2008

11 Dec 2008

PUBLISHED BY ‘THE BUSINESS NEWS’ (South Africa)

THE claims regarding environmental issues relating to products and services are often misleading because the subject is a complex matter that is fraught with misinformation and half truths. The claims often only select snippets of information, and the attributes often have no real impact on the environmental issues at large, says Bob Low of Inca, talking on behalf of concrete masoners.

It is therefore key to any discussion relating to environmental issues, to ask the right questions, namely:

– What environmental issues are being addressed? (e.g. global warming, energy, biodiversity, water scarcity etc).

– Are the claims material to environmental issues at large?

– Is the entire ‘cradle to grave’ life cycle (i.e. manufacturing, operational life and end of life) taken into account?

The main concern with environmental issues today relate to global warming, which is directly proportional to the amount of carbon dioxide emitted into the atmosphere. Over 90% of CO2emissions in South Africa are produced in the burning of fossil fuels to produce energy. It is therefore safe to assume that the energy employed during the entire life cycle of the product has a direct impact on global warming issues.

It is estimated that South Africa produces 3.5 billion bricks per annum which equates to 1.6 million tons of CO2 per annum. To put this into context, brick production has the equivalent global warming contribution as the annual emissions from 360 000 average sized sedan cars.

Bricks also constitute approximately 30-60% of a buildings total embodied energy. The global warming effect from masonry products is therefore substantial and material to the environmental issues at large.

One has to analyse the carbon footprint of masonry holistically. The energy employed in the manufacturing of the product (i.e. embodied energy), the energy efficiency of a building built with different masonry materials (i.e. operational energy), and the energy savings resulting from recycling all have be taken into account, before a fair judgment can be made about a products complete environmental impact, Low says.

Embodied energy refers to the amount of energy required to produce the product. Clay and concrete bricks (also called cement bricks in the industry) both employ energy intensive processes. The main contributor of the carbon footprint in clay bricks is in the firing process. Clay is fired in kilns at 1000°C for 2 – 3 days.

The main contributor of embodied energy in concrete is cement. Cement only comprises 10% of a concrete brick. Cement is produced by heating limestone and other materials at 1450°C for 30 minutes. It therefore stands to reason that concrete bricks employ substantially less energy to produce than clay bricks. International and local research concur that the embodied energy of clay products are 2.5MJ / kg whilst concrete bricks are 0.95MJ / kg, according to Low.

The operational life refers to the energy utilized in the life time of the building to heat and cool the ambient temperatures. Clay and concrete have marginally different thermal properties. Concrete generally has a higher thermal capacity (i.e. ability to store heat), which enables the product to store heat at night and release this stored heat during the day. Clay has however better thermal resistance properties making it a better insulating material. Clay and concrete therefore effect the energy utilization of a building differently in different climatic conditions.

“This is however a nebulous comparison as studies show that the choice of masonry has a marginal effect of a buildings energy utilization as more than 80% of heat is transferred via windows, doors and ceilings,” says Low.

He points out that all concrete is 100% recyclable and makes an excellent aggregate to produce other concrete bricks. Clay bricks can be recycled to form sub-base materials in the construction industry. The recycling process ultimately reduces the total embodied energy by only 0.08 MJ / kg (i.e. 8%) which has a marginal effect on the cradle to grave total carbon footprint of clay and concrete masonry.

Low says the correct choice of masonry products will have a massive impact on green house emissions and energy consumption. Embodied energy, the only differential between masonry products, is the most critical and important factor in the entire life cycle of masonry in a building and can account for up to 60% of a buildings embodied energy. Masonry has little impact on the energy utilization during the life of a building and all masonry materials can be recycled effectively.

Concrete has a carbon footprint 2.5 times less than an equivalent clay brick, and the choice of concrete can therefore reduce the carbon emissions of a mid size residential dwelling by 30 tons, which is equivalent to a cars emissions for 7 years. The choice of masonry material is the easiest and most cost effective manner to substantially reduce a buildings carbon footprint, says Low.

FROM SCRATCH NEWSWIRE EDITORIAL BOARD – We would like to highlight the fact that the author of the above text simply did not mention all the mining procedures as to what concerns cement production.

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PUBLISHED BY ‘THE BUSINESS NEWS’ (South Africa)

Posted in CEMENT, CHEMICALS (processed components), COAL, COMMERCE, COMMODITIES MARKET, CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIES, ECONOMIC CONJUNCTURE, ECONOMY, ENERGY, ENERGY INDUSTRIES, ENVIRONMENT, FINANCIAL CRISIS 2008/2009, INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION, INDUSTRIES, INTERNATIONAL, MINING INDUSTRIES, RECESSION, RECYCLING INDUSTRIES, SOUTH AFRICA, THE FLOW OF INVESTMENTS, THE WORK MARKET | Leave a Comment »

CEMENT COMPANIES CUT PRICES (India)

Posted by Gilmour Poincaree on December 9, 2008

10 Dec 2008, 01:29 hrs IST

AGENCIES

PUBLISHED BY ‘THE TIMES OF INDIA’

NEW DELHI: Major cement manufacturers, including ACC, Ambuja Cements and Shree Cement, on Tuesday announced CEMENT FACEprice cuts by up to Rs 7 per bag in response to the government’s move to reduce CENVAT by 4%. The companies, however, have not passed on the entire benefit of excise duty cut due to hike in railway freight by about 8% from Monday.

Led by the country’s largest manufacturer ACC, leading firms like Ambuja, JK Lakshmi, JK Cement, Dalmia Cement and Shree Cement have slashed their rates. Cement is available between Rs 150 and Rs 250 across the country.

ACC cut the prices by up to Rs 5 per bag, while Ambuja Cements reduced by up to Rs 6 per bag at different places across the country.

“The Indian Railways have increased the freight tariff by changing the classification for coal and cement which is expected to push the prices of cement up by Rs 1.50 to Rs 2 per bag. After factoring in the increased railway tariff, the price of our cement is expected to go down by Rs 4 to Rs 6 per bag from today,” Ambuja Cements said.

The maximum amount of reduction was announced by Delhi-based JK Lakshmi Cement by up to Rs 7 a bag.

The company’s whole time director Shailendra Chouksey said the highest quantum of reduction would take place in Uttarakhand, while in Delhi it would come down by Rs 5. “We are also evaluating the freight charge hike by the Railways. This reduction (in cement prices) has been done considering that fact also,” Chouksey said.

Other manufacturers like JK Cement, Shree Cement and Dalmia Cement have also reduced cement prices between Rs 4 and Rs 5 across the country.

CLICK HERE FOR THE ORIGINAL ARTICLE

PUBLISHED BY ‘THE TIMES OF INDIA’ (UK)

Posted in CEMENT, COMMERCE, COMMODITIES MARKET, CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIES, ECONOMIC CONJUNCTURE, ECONOMY, FINANCIAL CRISIS 2008/2009, INDIA, INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION, INTERNATIONAL, RECESSION, RUPEE (India) | Leave a Comment »

BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION COMPANIES – Not a pretty site – Project reviews in the mining sector have raised uncertainty about growth and helped undermine building and construction share prices (South Africa)

Posted by Gilmour Poincaree on December 4, 2008

28 November 2008

by Andrew McNulty

PUBLISHED BY ‘THE FINANCIAL MAIL’ (South Africa)

A few months ago, building & construction shares were priced at a large premium to the local stock market. After steep falls in recent weeks, that has changed markedly.

Murray & Roberts (M&R) and Aveng, the two biggest companies in the sector, have fallen by almost 60% in less than three months. They now trade on historical p:e ratios of less than eight, in line with – or below – the market average.

This may seem anomalous, as infrastructure and related investment is expected to be the healthiest area of the economy over the next year. Several companies have reported large order books and expressed confidence that the work will go ahead.

But the shares reflect dwindling investor confidence in the sector and increased uncertainty about the earnings outlook beyond next year.

WHAT IT MEANS
Earnings and order books remain strong

Uncertainty about the outlook has increased

The price weakness is linked partly to weakness in specific areas. After the collapse in commodity prices, mining companies are reviewing capital projects and some have announced project deferrals. The steel sector is cutting production and curbing prices. And activity in the residential sector is flat or declining.

These changes will directly affect some companies’ earnings. At Aveng’s AGM on October 24, chairman Angus Band said a lower steel price and lower vehicle sales will be bad for the group’s manufacturing and processing businesses, which include Trident Steel, a trading company.

However, Band also highlighted a broader change. His annual review, written in July, said the infrastructure landscape remained “very positive”, with opportunities extending well beyond 2010, especially in the power, roads and transport environment, while commodity prices were expected to fuel demand for infrastructure projects for mining houses.

At the AGM, Band said the global investment climate had since changed significantly because of the liquidity squeeze and economic slowdown.

He added that Aveng’s customers will “inevitably find it more difficult and more expensive” to fund projects and that’s likely to affect the group’s order books in the medium term.

Aveng’s share has fallen 33% since Band made that statement. For many investors, it confirms a more uncertain and possibly bearish outlook for a sector with a cyclical history.

“Nasty surprises are the norm in the international building & construction sector,” says independent analyst Mark Ingham, who has specialised in the sector for more than a decade. “A few companies, such as WBHO, have been consistent, but people did get carried away with the ‘dotcon’ theme.”

Ingham cites two areas of uncertainty. One is order books, and whether these companies will continue to secure new work in the medium term to replace existing projects. The other is margins, which are at historically high levels but may fall as competition increases.

“I’ve felt for a while that margins are topping out,” Ingham adds. “In the commercial & residential sector, margins are slipping as more firms are competing for work again. The smaller contractors are already under strain.”

Coronation Fund Managers analyst Quintin Ivan says construction has been one of the most cyclical sectors on the market, and there’s little reason to think that has changed. “They don’t have annuity income streams. It’s feast or famine,” he says.

Ivan adds order books have grown to high levels, which could make it difficult for these companies to maintain growth in a slowing economy.

Investec Asset Management portfolio manager Chris Freund says the recent price declines in the sector mostly reflect selling by foreign investors and are part of a global pattern.

A year ago, rising infrastructure spending in emerging markets was being cited as a reason to buy stocks that benefit directly. Slowing global growth, withdrawal of capital from emerging markets and currency weakness are now seen as reasons to question whether spending will continue as planned.

The selling reflects a broad approach but the prospects – and uncertainties – vary between companies.

In a trading statement this week, M&R says it maintains the market guidance published earlier for the year to June 2009, but cautions shareholders to be prudent with this as “the potential impact of current market volatility may manifest itself on the construction sector and group performance in the future”.

It says cash flow constraints in a few clients has resulted in suspension or delay of projects in each of the group’s markets. It adds its project order book provides a solid performance foundation for the period up to 2012 and beyond.

This includes public works and other strategic projects – local and international – that are likely to continue and will provide stability through the “difficult times” ahead.

Cautious investors say the large SA groups’ international activities are in areas that could become more competitive. Aveng and M&R have operations in Australia; M&R and Group Five have important contracts in the Middle East. Lower prices for oil and mining products could lead to less spending on infrastructure in these regions.

However, offshore operations have helped to diversify these groups’ order books and may help mitigate weakness in domestic markets.

For now, public sector spending in SA is expected mostly to go ahead as planned. Energy and transport remain key areas. Ingham says Basil Read is well placed to benefit from an expected upturn in local roadbuilding. Raubex could also do well in this sector.

Cement & and lime producer PPC’s cement volumes were flat in the year to September. CE John Gomersall says margins are under pressure because of surging costs such as energy and transport, and the group may add an energy surcharge to its prices.

However, Gomersall says the effect on the SA economy from global market volatility is likely to be less in the infrastructure sector than in the formal residential sector. He adds that cement demand for rural and affordable housing is expected to continue, as government plans to eliminate the backlog of almost 3m houses by 2014.

Freund believes shares in the sector have been oversold. They could rise sharply when private-sector projects have resumed and there is evidence that order books are growing again. The sector would also benefit from an upturn in commodity prices.

But the shares are unlikely to recover much while the uncertainty about the growth outlook continues.

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PUBLISHED BY ‘THE FINANCIAL MAIL’ (South Africa)

Posted in BANKING SYSTEMS, CEMENT, CENTRAL BANKS, COMMERCE, COMMODITIES MARKET, CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIES, ECONOMIC CONJUNCTURE, ECONOMY, FINANCIAL CRISIS 2008/2009, FINANCIAL MARKETS, FINANCIAL SERVICES INDUSTRIES, INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION, INDUSTRIES, INTERNATIONAL, METALS, METALS INDUSTRY, MINING INDUSTRIES, NATIONAL WORK FORCES, RECESSION, SOUTH AFRICA, STEEL, THE FLOW OF INVESTMENTS, THE WORK MARKET, THE WORKERS | Leave a Comment »